The Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar is a religious temple located in the Barri de La Ribera, in the historic center of Barcelona. In addition, it’s one of the best-known basilicas in the Catalan capital, after the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia. Built between 1329 and 1384, the Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar is considered one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in the Catalonia region. And if you think the main façade is impressive, wait until you see the grandeur of its interior!
Montjuïc Castle is a military fortress dating from 1640, which was converted into a military prison at the end of the 19th century and then into a military museum in 1963. Installed on top of the Montjuïc mountain in Barcelona, almost 200 meters high, Montjuïc Castle follows the so-called “Vauban style”. This model of fortification was created by the French military architect Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban and stands out for the bastions at the ends – which often form a star!
Madrid is one of the best places to visit in Spain and one of the best cities to visit in Europe. Located in the center of the country, the capital of Spain is a perfect destination for art lovers and collectors of UNESCO Sites! And in this Madrid itinerary, you’ll notice that the city is very dynamic and sophisticated. Besides, Madrid concentrates its main points of interest very close to each other, which makes it one of the few European capitals that can be explored on foot!
The Picasso Museum of Barcelona is one of the most important museums in Spain. Inaugurated in 1963, it became the world’s first Picasso museum and was the only one founded while the artist was alive. Nowadays, the Picasso Museum of Barcelona has more than 4200 works by Pablo Picasso, including paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, ceramics, and jewelry. And its location in the Ciutat Vella makes the Picasso Museum of Barcelona one of the most visited attractions in the capital of Catalonia!
The Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (or Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul) was designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner and endowed with state-of-the-art medical, technological, and architectural resources. Located in Barcelona, the Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul comprises several independent pavilions, interconnected by a network of underground tunnels and surrounded by green spaces. And after being deactivated in 2009, the former hospital complex became a cultural space!
The Palau de la Música Catalana (or Palace of Catalan Music, in English) is the most stunning concert hall I’ve ever seen in my life and the only one declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Built between 1905 and 1908 by the architect by Lluís Domènech i Montaner, this music auditorium is situated in Barcelona, Spain. Besides having formidable acoustics, the Palau de la Música Catalana is richly decorated with stained glass, mosaics, ceramics, sculptures, murals, and wrought iron elements!
In 1890, businessman Eusebi Güell decided to build an industrial colony in Santa Coloma de Cervelló, near Barcelona. Nicknamed Colònia Güell, the textile complex had accommodation for the factory workers and several public buildings. One of them is the Crypt of Colònia Güell, a masterpiece of Catalan modernist architecture, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This unfinished church was designed by Antoni Gaudí and became one of the many monuments he designed for Eusebi Güell!
The Casa Vicens in Barcelona is a summer residence that Antoni Gaudí i Cornet designed for Manuel Vicens i Montaner (a stockbroker). Built between 1883 and 1885, it’s considered Antoni Gaudí’s oldest masterpiece, as it was the first major commission the architect received. Forerunner of the Catalan modernist movement, the Casa Vicens combines oriental architectural influences, decorative elements from Hispanic Islamic art, and finishings with plant and naturalistic motifs!
The Palau Güell is a building in Catalan Modernist style, which was designed by Antoni Gaudí. Built between 1886 and 1890, the palace is located in the historic center of Barcelona. When Eusebi Güell commissioned this first major work from Antoni Gaudí, the young architect was still far from becoming one of the most celebrated Catalan artists of all time. But the truth is that, after the Palau Güell, Eusebi Güell became Antoni Gaudí’s most important patron and client!
The Expiatory Church of the Sacred Heart (in Catalan, Temple Expiatori del Sagrat Cor) is a minor basilica located in the Tibidabo mountain, a few kilometers from the center of Barcelona. Constructed in the first half of the 20th century, the Expiatory Church of the Sacred Heart combines elements of Neo-Gothic, Neo-Romanesque, and Neo-Byzantine architecture. And despite being designed by the Catalan architect Enric Sagnier, this Catholic church was completed by his son Josep Maria Sagnier!